Anopheles Mosquitoes as Vectors of Malaria in East Africa: Bed Nets and Beyond

Anopheles gambiae

By John P. Roche Malaria is a devastating disease, with almost two hundred million cases and half a million deaths per year worldwide. The World Health Organization estimates that the rate of mortality from malaria has decreased 47% since the year 2000, and the reduction in the rate of mortality has been even more impressive […]

New Research May Lead to Breathalyzer Test for Malaria

anopheles-freeborni

According to the World Health Organization, more than 500,000 people die each year from malaria, a disease that is transmitted by mosquitoes in the genus Anopheles. In addition to the half a million deaths, about 200 million people are infected annually. Now researchers at Australia’s Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) and the Australian […]

Bacteria Can Aid Aphids Against Predation and Parasitism

pea-aphid-aw

By Meredith Swett Walker Aphids are among the most destructive plant pests. The small, sap-sucking insects are the bane of many a farmer and gardener. Typically soft bodied and without obvious weapons, aphids seem defenseless. So how do these tiny little morsels defend themselves from predators and other enemies? They do it with a little […]

OUP Supporting World Malaria Day by Highlighting Top Articles

anophelesgambiaemosquito-wp2

World Malaria Day is Saturday, April 25, 2015 The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 584,000 people died in 2013 from malaria, a preventable and curable disease transmitted to people through the bites of infected Anopheles mosquitoes. Nearly half of the world’s population is at risk, but the most common victims are women and children […]

Predatory Wasps and Citizen Scientists are Taking on the Emerald Ash Borer

Cerceris-fumipennis

By Kevin Fitzgerald The emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis) is a pest species that has killed tens of millions of ash trees and has the potential to kill most of the 8.7 billion ash trees in North America. The beetle, native to Asia, was accidentally introduced to the U.S. in 2002 in Michigan. Since then, […]

Invasive Parasitic Fly on Galápagos Islands Probably Came from Mainland Ecuador

Philornis-downsi

Philornis downsi is a parasitic muscid fly that is native to mainland South America. Decades ago, it was accidentally introduced to the Galápagos Islands, where it harms Darwin’s finches and other land birds. Females lay eggs inside active bird nests, and then the resulting larvae feed on the nestlings. The first-instar larvae feed inside the […]

New Online Resource Will Help Control the Asian Longhorned Beetle

Female-ALB

By Stacy Kish The Asian longhorned beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis, is a wood-boring insect that is capable of destroying 30% of the urban trees in the United States at an economic loss of $669 billion. Infestations of this invasive beetle have been found in Ohio, New York, New Jersey, Massachusetts, and Illinois, and they have been […]

Crickets Are Not a Free Lunch, Protein Conversion Rates May Be Overestimated

Acheta-domesticus2

Some practitioners of entomophagy believe that raising insects for consumption by humans will help solve world hunger problems. Crickets and other insects, they say, are able to convert plant matter into protein more efficiently than animals such as cattle, pigs, or chicken. For example, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations states on […]

A New Key for Parasitoid Wasps in Africa and Madagascar

Pycnostigmus-mastersonae

A new, open-access article, “Afrotropical Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera),” provides resources to enable the identification of parasitoid wasps in Africa and Madagascar. The study was published in the open access journal ZooKeys. The family Cynipoidea is represented by 306 described species and 54 genera in the region, but there are hundreds of further species to be described. […]

Backyard Chickens May Have Mites, Lice and Fleas

ChickenwSticktightfleas-001

By Amy Murillo Backyard chicken flocks are growing in popularity, and hobbyists all over the country are keeping birds for eggs, meat, or just for fun. However, when you introduce a new animal to your home, you’re also offering a tasty buffet for some of the local arthropods that may be laying in wait. Just […]

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