The classic wooden hive box used by beekeepers worldwide, first designed in the 1800s, is prone to temperature swings, a new study shows. That's bad news for the honey bees inside, who must expend energy to maintain their favored internal hive temperature.
Nonchemical Varroa-management methods are more common among small-scale beekeepers, but chemical varroacides show wide use among all types.
Honey bees are in high demand for pollinating crops, and hives are often trucked thousands of miles a year to serve different crops in different regions and seasons. But researchers say honey bees show signs of stress from all that travel.